Thursday, December 26, 2019
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 604 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2017/09/20 Category People Essay Type Argumentative essay Did you like this example? Plato- Ã¢â¬Å"According to Plato, man is a dual creature. We have a body that Ã¢â¬ËflowsÃ¢â¬â¢, is inseparably bound to the world of senses, and is subject to the same fate as everything else in this worldÃ¢â¬â a soap bubble, for example. All our sense are based in the body and are consequently unreliable. But we also have an immortal soulÃ¢â¬â and this soul is the realm of reason and not being physical, this soul can survey the world of ideas Plato also believed the soul existed before it inhabited the bodyÃ¢â¬ (Gaarder 88). Aristotle- Ã¢â¬Å"What Aristotle called the Ã¢â¬ËformÃ¢â¬â¢ chicken is present in every single chicken as the chickenÃ¢â¬â¢s particular set characteristicsÃ¢â¬â for one, that it lays eggs. The real chicken and the form chicken are thus just as inseparable as body and soulÃ¢â¬ (Gaarder 107). In the first quote the author is talking about PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs. Plato looked for the immutable in our world. But unlike most of tho se before him, Plato believed that humans have a physical and spiritual body. The physical body can only interact with the things in the physical realm, but our soul can interact with the ream of ideas. This quote indicates that Plato believed the world of ideas and reason to be everlasting whereas our world (and more so the things in it) is subject to death and the natural cycle of life. This quote seems to relate to the basic Hindu philosophy. In Hinduism, there are also two worlds, the soul or Ã¢â¬Å"atmaÃ¢â¬ and the physical world. Hindus, like Plato, believe that true knowledge can only come once a person has been to the other world. Both believe that the soul is perfect and knows all before it enters the body, but it loses all knowledge as it enters. In the second quote, the author is talking about Aristotles beliefs. Unlike Plato, Aristotle believed that the physical body and the soul were inseparable. He believed that there was no spiritual world, and anything we ca n observe through our senses is real. This is extremely similar to an Atheistic worldview, which also believes in gaining knowledge through observation. Of course, Aristotle was not an Atheist, but his thinking process is not very different from an AtheistÃ¢â¬â¢s. Aristotle also reminds me of the quote Ã¢â¬Å"Seeing is believingÃ¢â¬ said in the bible by Ã¢â¬Å"Doubting ThomasÃ¢â¬ because he used his senses to to determine the characteristics of the Ã¢â¬Å"form hickenÃ¢â¬ . Personally, I agree with PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s idea that our soul is the realm of reason. I believe that our soul tells us right from wrong. This explains how many people can come to the same conclusion and think of the same ideas, even if the people themselves are very different from each other. I disagree with AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s core belief that the body and soul are inseparable. However, I do believe that they are connected. I think that the soul helps guide our bodies through life, so we can gain wisdom thr ough experience. These two philosophers may seem to be very different, but they both had a few important things in common. They both believed in logic and reasoning. This is important because it shows how logic and reasoning were tools used by most, if not all philosophers. And secondly, they both looked at the big picture of life, while many people in that time (and this one) are stuck in the day-to-day. I think that this is the most important lesson we can take away from Plato and Aristotle because many of us get caught up in insignificant things, instead of looking for the greater purpose in life. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Plato and Aristotle Quote Comparison" essay for you Create order
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Alcohol is historically one of the oldest known drugs to mankind. It is ingested orally and comes in many varieties. It is attractively packaged in alluring bottles and cans; which can seduce the unsuspecting individual and lead to a life of unrelenting misery, imbued with a potentially ruinous outcome. Taken in moderation; however, alcohol can also be used to prevent disease processes and promote health. This particular drug is both legal and is promoted widely throughout the planet. I chose this drug because I have personally been privy to all of its insidious effects. Alcohol comes in many forms, but primarily it is beer, wine and distilled spirits. Maisto, Galizio Conners (2011) point out that, Ã¢â¬Å"the first non-distilled (sic)Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Furthermore, religious rites commonly use these beverages in the practice of faith (Katsigris Thomas, 2007). From early Roman beliefs to current day Christianity, wine has been a staple in ceremonial rites (Katsigris Thomas, 2007). According to Dasgupta (2011), Ã¢â¬Å"nearly half of all Americans consume alcoholÃ¢â¬ ¦there are 10 to 16 million problem drinkersÃ¢â¬ (p. 11). Additionally, this number includes 4.5 million adolescent drinkers that abuse this drug (Dasgupta, 2011). This leads one to conclude that the potential for exploitation and addiction is quite high. Since alcohol is a legal, over the counter drug, its easily obtained and abused. As stated previously, alcohol is legal. It is available for purchase at the age of 21 in the United States, making this the most widely abused and used drug in the world (Dasgupta, 2011). Ã¢â¬Å"Since the liver can only metabolize approximately on drink per hour, consuming more than that naturally increases the amount of alcohol in the blood streamÃ¢â¬ (Katsigris Thomas, 2007). It is advised that no more than one alcoholic drink be ingested per hour; however, the most prudent advice is eat, sip your cocktail and drink water or a soft drink every other hour in place of the alcohol. The neural response to alcohol can be quite debilitating, causing impairment of motor functions, speech and even vision. When alcohol enters the CNS, it activates GABA, attaches to GABA receptors and thenShow MoreRelatedThe Impact Of Media On Society s Perception Of Reality954 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescommunities by having most of its stories about police brutality and violence of racial tension. Considering the current influence of media, we need to agree on the fact that media plays an important role in shaping up opinions. The media is a double-edge sword and hence there are positive effects of media as well as negative influences of the media. The Negative Affect Media affects how we learn about our world and interact with one another. Media literally mediate our relationship with social institutionsRead MoreThe Internet : Man s Greatest Double Edge Sword1326 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Internet: ManÃ¢â¬â¢s Greatest Double Edge Sword The internet. It is one of manÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest technological achievements and useful tools, but also one of its deadliest and addicting drugs. And with each hallucinogen comes consequences. It starts small, as with any narcotic. Just five minutes on Pintrest, a quick tweet, or maybe a Facebook timeline update. But as time progresses, the signs and symptoms of this toxic habit become ever so present. Two and a half hours wasted, sleep deprivation, andRead MoreEffects Of Caffeine On Students s Daily Life Essay1405 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessource of caffeine that students relied on. Energy drink is also popular among the students as well. 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Monday, December 9, 2019
A company has to be a major multinational corporation to facilitate and benefit from the globalization of markets. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 4. Because of globalization, companies rarely need to customize marketing strategies, product features, and operating practices in different countries. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False . The most global markets currently are markets for consumer products. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 6. As firms follow each other around the world, they bring with them many of the assets that served them well in other national markets. Thus, greater diversity replaces uniformity. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 7. Substantial impediments such as barriers to foreign direct investment make it difficult for firms to achieve the optimal dispersion of their productive activities to locations around the globe. Over its entire history, the WTO has promoted the lowering of barriers to cross-border trade and investment. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 10. The IMF is less controversial than its sister concern, the World Bank. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 11. The IMF is often seen as the lender of last resort to nation-states whose economies are in turmoil. We will write a custom essay sample on World Trade Organization or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 12. After World War I, the advanced nations of the West committed themselves to removing barriers to the free flow of goods, services, and capital between nations. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 13. World merchandise trade includes trade in manufactured goods, agricultural goods, and services. Trade in services now accounts for more than half of the value of all international trade. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 15. The volume of world output has grown faster than the volume of world merchandise trade since the 1950s, according to data from the World Trade Organization. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 16. Moores Law predicts that the power of microprocessor technology doubles and its cost of production declines in half every 18 months. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 17. As transportation costs associated with the globalization of production decline, dispersal of production to geographically separate locations becomes more economical. The Internet has acted as a regulatory brake on unfettered international trade in business. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 19. In any society, the media are the primary conveyors of culture. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 20. The dominance of large multinational British firms on the international business scene is one of the changing trends of globalization. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 21. As the worlds largest industrial power, the United States accounted for a significantly larger share of the world economy in 2008 than it did in the 1960s. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 22. Most forecasts now predict a rapid rise in world output accounted for by developing nations such as China, India, and South Korea, and a relative decline in the share enjoyed by rich industrialized countries such as Britain and the United States. United States and other long-established developed nations seems likely. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 23. In the 1970s, European and Japanese firms began to shift labor-intensive manufacturing operations from their home markets to developing nations where labor costs were lower. TrueÃ Ã Ã Ã False 24. The stock of foreign direct investment refers to the total cumulative value of foreign investments in a country.
Monday, December 2, 2019
Question 1 a) Define marketing management. Marketing management can be define as the analysis, planning, implementation, and control of programmes design to create, build and maintain beneficial exchanges with target buyers for the purpose of archiving organizational objectives. b) Describe the five(5) marketing management philosophies 1. Production The philosophy that consumers will favour products that are available and highly affordable, that management should therefore focus on improving production and distribution efficiency. 2. Products The idea that consumers favor products that offer the most quality, performance and features, and that the organisation should therefore devote its energy into making continuous product improvements; a detailed version of the new product idea. 3. Selling The idea that consumers wonÃ¢â¬â¢t buy enough of the organisations products unless the organisation undertakes a large-scale selling and promotion effort. 4. Marketing Achieving organisational goals depends on determining the needs and wants of its target market and delivering the desired satisfaction more effectively and efficiently than competitors. We will write a custom essay sample on Past Year Question or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 5. Societal Marketing The idea that the organisation should determine the needs, wants and interests of target markets and deliver the desired satisfaction more effectively and efficiently than competitors in a way that maintains or improves the consumers and societys well being. c) Determine which of theÃ philosophies would be suitable to manage a hypermarket store. State your reasons. The most suitable philosophies to manage hypermarket store is marketing concept. The Marketing concept holds that the key to archiving organizational goal is for the organizational to determine the needs and want of the target markets and efficiently than its competitors. The reason of marketing concept most suitable because it focus on customer needs well-define market, coordinates all the marketing activities affecting the customers and make profits by creating long-term customer relationship based on customer values and satisfaction. Question 2 a) Identify and list five (5) requirements for an effective segmentation. 1. Measurability The variables used to segment the market must be easily measured. 2. Accessibility The market segment should also be easily reached and served. 3. Substantiality When dividing the market, the segments should be large enough or profitable enough to serve. 4. Actionability. The marketing programs should also be designed to attract and serve the market segments. 5. Differentiable. Cater to need and want to different customer. For example shampoo Rejoice . b) Briefly explain four (4) bases for segmentation The four bases for segmentation are Geographic segmentation, Demographic segmentation, Psychographic segmentation and behavioural segmentation. 1. Geographic segmentation The process of dividing the market into geographical units. 2. Demographic segmentation The process of dividing the market into group based on demography such as age, gender, income occupation etc. 3. Psycographic segmentation The process of dividing the market into different groups based on psychographic Characteristics such as social class, lifestyle and personality characteristic. 4. Behavioral Segmentation. The process of dividing the market based on either the customer knowledge, activities, uses or responses to a product. c) Determine the best three (3) segmentation bases combination for a shampoo. State two (2) reasons to illustrate your answer. The best three segmentation are actionability, differentiable and substantiality. The reasons of these are because the product offered different types of shampoo which bases on hair types of consumers. Beside that advertising also the most important to attract the consumers to buy the product and these were include in actionability for effective segmentation. Question 3 a) List and describe the three (3) product level. The three product levels are actual product, core product and augmented product. 1. Actual product It can be related to quality level, features, styling consists of design and aesthetic aspects, brand name and packaging. 2. Core product Refer to what benefits the customer is looking for. 3. Augmented product Consists of the additional benefits that the customers expect from the products which must be built around core and actual such as service, installation, warranty etc. b) Explain the individual product decision by user and mobile phone as your example. The individual product decision by user can be related to quality level, features, styling consists of design and aesthetic aspects, brand name and packaging 1. Quality level Refer to product performances for example mobile phone user will look into which product that can provide them high quality in all aspects. 2. Features The features of mobile phones are the set of capabilities, services and applications that they offer to their users. Low-end mobile phones are often referred to as feature phones, and offer basic telephony. Handsets with more advanced computing ability through the use of native software applications became known as smartphones. 3. Styling Styling of mobile phones also contributes to user decision. Question 4. a) List and briefly describe five (5) factors in price setting. The 5 factors need to consider in setting the price are everyday low pricing, high-low pricing, value added pricing, pricing power and cost-based pricing. 1. Everyday low pricing (EDLP) Involves charging a constant everyday low price with few or no temporary price discounts. 2. High-low pricing Involves charging higher prices on an everyday basis but running frequent promotions to lower prices temporarily on selected items. 3. Value-added pricing Attaches value-added features and services to differentiate offers, support higher prices, and build pricing power. 4. Pricing power Is the ability to escape price competition and to justify higher prices and margins without losing market share. 5. Cost-based pricing Involves setting prices based on the costs for producing, distributing, and selling the product plus a fair rate of return for its effort and risk. b) A pricing method in which a fixed sum or a percentage of the total cost is added (as income or profit) to the cost of the product to arrive at its selling price. Value-based pricing can be define as the setting of a product or services price, based on the benefits it provides to consumers. By contrast, cost-plus pricing is based on the amount of money it takes to produce the product. Companies that offer unique or highly valuable features or services are better positioned to take advantage of value-based pricing, than companies whose products are services are relatively indistinguishable from those of their competitors. Question 5 A) Marketing logistic B) Marketing logistics involve planning, delivering, and controlling the flow of physical goods, marketing materials and information from the producer to a market as necessary to meet customer demands while still making a satisfactory profit. Maintaining an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive edge meansÃ understanding and implementing an effective marketing logistics strategy regarding product, price, place and promotion. These four functions of marketing logistics help the organization to reach the target customers and deliver the products or services sold by the organization to these customers. C) D) Product Delivery E) One function of logistics marketing is finding out who your customer is and how to get the product or service to the customer. Each customer can have individualized needs so the logistical services provided may vary from customer to customer. Regardless of these differences, the customers expects 100 percent conformance and assured reliability at all times with every transaction. The goals of this aspect of marketing logistics include filling the order, on-time delivery, precise invoicing and zero damage. F) Price G) An organization bases pricing decisions on both internal and external factors. Marketing logistics must recognize price drivers. The profile of the customer, the product and the type of order are factors that drive the price. These changes are not typically controlled by marketing logistics. However, marketing logistics must react to these factors and understand how the factors affect customersÃ¢â¬â¢ decisions. Discounts for quantities and the related logistical cost structure can impact the price the customer will ultimately pay for the product or service. Additional factors driving price include the shipping costs based on the size, weight and distance the organization will ship the item. Further, the size of the manufacturing run, labor costs and the types, quantities and quality of the materials used in the manufacturing process can affect price. H) Promotion I) Promotion is another important aspect of an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing logistics process. When bringing a product to market, the organization must coordinate the logistics of the various marketing materials. For example, the art department might design the artwork for the products box and an outside supplier might manufacture the boxes with the artwork. Marketing logistics can help to ensure that all of these entities work together and produce the marketing materials needed to sell the product. J) Place K) The function of place in marketing logistics allows the organization to simplify the transactions between a logistics provider and the customer. The organization must execute logistics in such a way that the customer is not aware of the complexities involved in the logistics process. For the customer, the output is always more important than the process. The organization should, therefore, never expose the backroom processes involved with logistics delivery to the customer. Also the location of the factory, warehouse and customer can greatly impact the marketing logistics process by increasing or reducing costs. For example, locating a factory in Mexico might reduce the labor costs associated with a product. However, at the same time locating the factory in Mexico might increase the shipping costs and negate any cost savings. c) CHANNEL-MANAGEMENT DECISIONS: After choosing a channel alternative, individual intermediaries must be selected, motivated and evaluated. Channel arrangements must also be modified over time Selecting channel members
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
School Australia and 1967 Referendum Essay School: Australia and 1967 Referendum Essay 1967 Referendum: * The Australian Constitution in 1901 made only two references to Aboriginal people and both of these references were aimed at excluding them from participation in the life of the new nation. * Section 127 of the Constitution said that Ã¢â¬Ëin reckoning the number of the people in the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives shall not be countedÃ¢â¬â¢. Aboriginal people were not to be counted in the census. * Section 51 of the Constitution gave the federal government the power to pass laws about Ã¢â¬Ëthe people of any race other than the aboriginal race in any StateÃ¢â¬â¢. This meant that responsibility for the welfare of Aboriginal Australians, except for Aboriginals living in Australian territories, was a state matter. * Aboriginal Australians were subjected to different laws depending on where they lived. * Different state laws and regulations saw Aboriginal people with rights in one state that were denied in others. * The demand grew for Aboriginal people to be counted in the Australian census and for responsibility for Aboriginal affairs to become a federal government responsibility. * To include Aboriginal Australians in the census and to give the Commonwealth government power to make laws of behalf of Aboriginal people required a change to the Constitution. To change the Constitution required a referendum. * In 1967 the Holt government agreed to hold this referendum. * All political parties at the time agreed to the inclusion of Aboriginal people in the census and giving the Commonwealth the power to implement policy and pass laws regarding Aboriginal issues. * Through advertising and the media, and particularly in the booklets sent to homes outlining the issue and arguments. * the governm ent and the opposition urged a Ã¢â¬ËYesÃ¢â¬â¢ response in the referendum. As a result, almost 91 per cent of Australians voted to allow the Constitution to be changed. * Before 1967 the states had exclusive powers to make laws for Aboriginal people within their boundaries. * After 1967 both the states and the Commonwealth had that power. If laws of the Commonwealth and the states were in
Saturday, November 23, 2019
9 Steps for Displaying a Living Christmas Tree Some peopleÃ really hate to buy a tree only to turn around and throw it away. You may be one of them.Ã Displaying a pottedÃ living Christmas treeÃ can perk up the season and can provide a tree for your yard or landscape a few days after the holiday, to commemorate an extra-special season.Ã A containerized Colorado blue spruceÃ is especially good for preserving if you live in an area where it thrives. Your local nursery can advise you on the type to purchase for your landscape. ItÃ is not hard to keep a potted tree alive long enough toÃ plant,Ã but you need to be careful in following these recommendations exactly to improve theÃ trees survival chances. For one, it can be insideÃ onlyÃ from four toÃ 10Ã days. You also need to expect to give the tree several days of your attention before and after bringingÃ itÃ inside.Ã Advance Prep Local nurseries will have potential conifers that can be purchased several months in advance for delivery near Christmas.Ã If you live in a climate where the groundÃ freezes, youÃ need to digÃ a planting hole during moderate temperatures because the tree needs to be planted shortly after Christmas. No matter the climate, youll want to know where the tree will go toÃ ensure that it will thriveÃ (with the proper soil, sun, etc.). Caring for a Living Christmas Tree Your tree will come in a container with soil or as a bare-root tree that isÃ balled in burlap (b-n-b). If its a b-n-b tree, youll need mulch and a bucket to bring it indoors.Ã But first, you start in the garage. GraduallyÃ over time, introduce your living tree from outside to inside. Take three or four days using the garage or enclosed porch for acclimatization. A tree that is dormant and exposed to immediate warmth will start to grow. You want to avoid any quick resumption of growth.Ã Youll also need to reverse the acclimation process exactly to plant the tree after the holidayÃ celebration.While the tree is on your porch or garage, check for insects and insect egg masses.Visit your nearest lawn and garden supply store and purchase a spray with an anti-desiccant or anti-wilt chemical to minimize needle loss. Use it while the tree is in the garage. This particular product also preventsÃ the loss of valuable moistureÃ for the tree coming into a climate-controlled home.Ã When finally taking the tree inside, locate your tree in the coolest part of the room and away from heat ducts, to keep the tree moist.Place the tree in its container in a large galvanized tub or a comparable item, keeping theÃ root ballÃ intact. Stabilize the tree in the tub in a straight and vertical position using rocks or bricks.Ã This tub confines water and needles into a more manageable and cleanable space. It will also contain any mess you might have and limit problems associated with a live tree inside the home.Ã If it is a b-n-b tree, place it in a smaller container inside the tub, if it doesnt fit the tub snugly. Fill any empty space around and on top of the root ball with mulch to retain as much moisture as possible.Ã Water your tree in its container directly as often as necessary to moisten the roots, but do not get them soggy. Never overwater beyond moist.Leave your tree inside no longer than seven to 10 days (some experts suggest only four days). Never add nutrients or fertilizers, as they may initiate growth, which you dont want to occur in a dormant tree.Carefully introduce tree back outside using the reverse procedure of keeping it in your garage for a few days, and then plant it in the ground.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Ethics in Financial Markets - Essay Example Futures have a tendency to goad traders to borrow money so as to purchase the commodity making the deal to go sour should the price of the commodity dip, hence has a major impact on theÃ stocks and the overall economy as a whole. Another form of the financial market is the Hedge fund.Ã Hedge funds have over the years become popular due to the high returns it offers to the high end investor.Ã Hedge funds do invest heavily in the futures and some analysts have argued that they help check the volatility of the stock market and in extension the US economy. Hedge funds though are being blamed for the 2009 recession. Financial markets therefore do involve the financial institutions that are the banks, insurance companies, stock brokers and other closely related institutions.Ã Ethics is perceived as a set of societal standards of conduct and moral judgment that encompasses the norms of a given community. Ethics are a personal set of values used by an individual, a group or a prof ession;Ã Ã so as to guide them in their action and help them fulfill or carry out their obligation. Its subjective rather that objective and its relative to our perception of realityÃ dependent on circumstances and lifeÃ experiences of the individual or group, thus making it a continuously evolvingÃ code of conduct. It addresses issues pertaining to morality, i.e. good and bad; right or wrong etc. Ã Capitalism has been accused to be Darwinian in nature due to the market volatility that is brought by competition and the natural forces of demand and supply.Ã ... Its subjective rather that objective and its relative to our perception of reality dependent on circumstances and life experiences of the individual or group, thus making it a continuously evolving code of conduct. It addresses issues pertaining to morality, i.e. good and bad; right or wrong etc. BODY Financial markets ride on the premise of free market where the market is left to regulate and correct itself based on the principle of demand and supply enhanced through competition. The cost of the goods and services plus the overall state of the market is determined through the action of consumers and suppliers. Capitalism has been accused to be Darwinian in nature due to the market volatility that is brought by competition and the natural forces of demand and supply. Companies that are fit do survive while those that are unfit collapse especially during a recession. During recession bad debts is wiped out of the market leaving those who remain the task of rebuilding the market making the process to be cyclic and this is how market correction occurs. Competitive markets has made companies to do everything in their power so as to maximize profits by engaging in monopolistic practices, offering minimum wages and commercialization of everything making capitalism to be amoral as it pri zes the self above others and the natural checks and balance that capitalist have been advocating for in most cases than not has always not emerged. Capitalism is generally volatile thus fails from time to time and the correction mechanism has proven to be wanting during financial crisis prompting governments to artificial correct the markets.This counters the notion of
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Metallgesellschaft - Case Study Example MGRM's Supervisory Board avoided bankruptcy by liquidating its forward delivery positions in December 1993. MGRM had begun to experience significant growth since 1989 when it acquired 49% stake in Caste Energy as part of its efforts to become a fully integrated oil business in the United States. As MGRM continued to make a series of costly expansions, its fixed-assets values tripled between 1989 and 1991. In a continuing effort to expand its US business, MGRM entered in to forward delivery contracts with Energy end-users at historic low prices during the summer of 1993. However, these contracts exposed MGRM to the risk of rising energy prices. To hedge this price risk, MGRM acquired energy futures at NYMEX and entered into OTC swaps with large OTC swap dealers. However, since future markets do not trade in very long term (10 years in this case), MGRM's strategy was to concentrate its derivatives positions in stacks or short-dated futures. Similarly the swaps had to be rolled forward continuously. MGRM's strategy exposed it to various risks. Its short-dated positions left it exposed to rollover risk. If the prices had risen, MGRM would have made substantial profits. And the opposite was true in case of the prices falling. However historically, energy prices have always shown an upward trend. Over a period of ten years prior to 1993, the energy market had been predominantly in backwardation. MGRM was betting on Energy prices continuing to rise. However, as shown by Edwards and Canter, its rollover risk was only about 15% of its price risk. Had the market been in backwardation, MGRM would have made handsome profits. But in 1993, crude oil was in contango every month, heating oil was in contango every month except March and April and gasoline was in contango every month except August. As a result, MGRM made substantial rollover losses during 1993. MGRM was also exposed to funding risk since its strategy was that of one-to-one hedge instead of a "minimum variance" hedge. This strategy would have worked had there been a one-to-one relationship between forward and spot energy prices. In that case, a fall in the spot prices would have been balanced by an equal and opposite change in the value of its forward delivery contracts. However, as shown by Edwards and Canter, a one-to-one relationship between spot and forward prices does not exist in the energy market. MGRM was also exposed to credit risk due to the long duration of its forward-supply contracts. And once the prices started to fall, this risk further increased as with the increased disparity in spot and contractually fixed price, the risk of the smaller firms defaulting also increased. Finally, MGRM was also exposed to basis risk due to the one-to-one hedge ratio. The timing of the investment in derivatives also went against MGRM. As stated above, 1993 proved to be disastrous year with energy market in contango for most part of the year. The huge size of MGRM's rollover trade was also responsible for increasing these risks. MGRM's huge holdings, equivalent to 160 million barrels, meant that other firms would have looked at MGRM before taking any steps. The size of MGRM's rollover trade could have also been indirectly responsible for pushing down energy prices. Hedging or Speculating There is some debate over whether MGRM's strategy was hedging or speculation. Culp and
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Napoleon and the French Revolution Essay Some of historys greatest rulers such as Peter the Great, Catherine the Great, Frederick the Great, and Joseph II have been considered to be enlightened despot. One of these was also Napoleon Bonaparte. They ways by which Napoleon has been considered to be a despot are through his economic policies, religious and educational policies, and the Code Napoleon. The term enlightened despot has been used to describe many great rulers, but it might be misinterpreted. The word enlightened means to be influenced by the values and ideas of the Enlightenment. Also, the word despot is defined as to exercise dictatorial authority. Considering the definitions of these two words, the term enlightened despot would be defined as a person who believes to be influenced by the ideas of Enlightenment and exercises authority similar to that of a dictator. Napoleon had many accomplishments through his economic policies, such as establishing the Bank of France and reorganizing and centralizing tax collection. He also established the Continental System, which attempted to block England from continental trade. Napoleon also put into effect the Berlin Decree in 1816, whichÃ prohibited trade with England. In 1807, the Milan Decree was passed which stated that any ship which traded or even been stopped by the British Navy was to be confiscated. French manufacturing was wholly unable to makeup for the loss of British goods. Soon afterwards, the French manufacturers and merchants began to resent the restrictions. Napoleon regarded his allies and conquered territories as a source for raw materials, conscripts, and a market for French goods. Eventually, Napoleons economic policies contributed to his fall. Religious and educational policies were also part of Napoleons accomplishments, which lead for him to be the greatest enlightened despot. One of the religious policies was the Concordat of 1801, which gave the Catholic Church special status. The Concordat also gave power to the government to nominate bishops who then had the power to appoint the priests. One of Napoleons educational policies was the establishment of theÃ LycÃ ©es, which were state run elite secondary schools. The curriculum was to glorify Napoleon and teach obedience. He also founded the Ãâ°cole Polytechnique, which was an engineering school. The final way by, which Napoleon became a despot, is through his Code Napoleon. It codified and reconciled the customary law of northern France with Roman law of the South. The Code Napoleon also provided equality of all before the law, religious freedom, and freedom of work, which reaffirmed the Le Chapelier law banning workers associations. A benefit of the Code Napoleon was that workers were not allowed to strike and were required to carry passports that could be checked by government officials or employers. Napoleon could be considered a sexist because the Code stated that a womans income would pass to her husbands family and not to hers. Another thing was that women workers wages did not belong to them; instead it belonged to their husband. Napoleon said, In France, women are considered too highly. They should not be regarded as equal to men. In reality they are nothing more than machines for producing children. This is an example of Napoleons discrimination towards women, which also relates to him being an enlightened despot. Rulers such as Peter the Great, Catherine the Great, Frederick the Great, and Joseph II have all been considered to be enlightened despots, but Napoleon Bonaparte is known to be the greatest enlightened despot until today. In a pattern similar to other despots, the people of France loved Napoleon at first, but enough they began to hate him. The ways through which he became the greatest enlightened despot are economic policies, religious and education policies, and the Code Napoleon. Only time will be able to show us if there a greater enlightened despot than Napoleon Bonaparte.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Parking the Car Today has been like most days. I wandered in a dreamlike state from class to class, across a campus with falling fiery leaves, up three flights of beer-stained stairs, into a room littered with the debris of my chaotic existence, and straight back into a chronically unmade bed. I chased images and thoughts in my mind, getting nowhere, while faintly aware of music drifting from my computer. I closed my eyes without trying, and dreamt without sleeping, and thought without thinking real thoughts. I spent as much time luxuriating in nothingness as I could, before the bar of guilt and responsibility clamped down on my shoulders, compelling me to do homework, to think about thinking. Now it is back to nothingness. I am lying on our dorm room floor delighting in an unexpected snack. "This is damn good stuff," I say, shoving a tortilla heaped in salsa into my greedy mouth. "This is amazing," Thea agrees, shutting her eyes to intensify the already orgasmic experience of eating homemade chunky salsa. I disregard the desperate and pained pleas of my hall mates as small pieces of tomato fly from my overloaded tortilla onto the rug. The poor chip is terribly weighed down and breaking under the pressure, causing salsa to slide off on all sides. I remember that in a moment of frenzied sanitary obsession last week, I actually cleaned the toilet. There is, therefore, no reason to be clean now. I recline in a salsa-induced stupor, squinting in vague curiosity at a plate of cookies in the kitchen. I try to ignore them, but I just can't. Eat us, they hiss. I saunter lethargically into the kitchen and engage in a momentary face-off with the provocative plate of cookies. My heart speeds up for a moment as I weigh the attributes of each cookie. I don't want to make a mistake and take the wrong cookie. That always happens, and I end up resenting my cookie and asking it why it can't be more like the other cookies. I finally settle on the biggest one, though it does seem to have fewer raisins than the others, a drawback that bothers me. Nonetheless, I secure my fingers around the cookie in a defensive death-grip, which means I'll be eating a cookie as well as a little bit of everything else I've touched today. Oh well.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
What makes a person a genius? Is it thru the lessons that are taught by teachers or is it a natural phenomenon that we are born with? Some believe that Fyodor Dostoyevsky was a genius because of his epileptic medical condition. We will explore different opinions on the matter and debate if epilepsy could have contributed to his creative mind. Dostoyevsky was a Russian novelist who used his psychological interpretations to create dramatic and dark overtones to his stories. It is argued that the dramatic events in his life, which included his mock execution, imprisonment in a Siberian jail, and his epileptic seizures, put him in a state of mind that helped him to create his greatest characters. He began to have his epileptic episodes while in prison is Siberia. It has been argued that this experience contributed to his new way of thinking about his personal beliefs and how he viewed the world. Could the epileptic episodes have touched on part of the brain that he had never used before? Could it have produced new signals in the brain that created a deeper and more philosophical interpretation of the world he was in? People with epilepsy have an increased risk of poor self-esteem, depression, and suicide. It is not uncommon for people to develop emotional and behavioral problems related to this disease. In his era, epilepsy was not well known about and its characteristics. Many argued about what type of epilepsy that he had. His wife Anna witnessed some of these fits and wrote about it in her biographies. Dostoyevsky used his illness and suffering as a theme to his some of his stories. It influenced many aspects of his work and enabled him to understand and feel things in such depths which would not have been possible had he not suffered from the disease. Dostoyevsky had an intense connection into the human psyche. He was more than a writer. He was a psychologist and a philosopher. He did not have any interest in math, science or any type of engineering degree but he did enjoy architecture and drawing. Art was the main driving force that he tapped into. Could art be a foundation of someone being a genius? Two particular terms are relative to y analysis of Dostoyevsky; genius and epilepsy. What is the definition of genius? Ã¢â¬Å"Genius is a Ã¢â¬Ënatural talentÃ¢â¬â¢, a Ã¢â¬Ënatural endowmentÃ¢â¬â¢, which cannot be learnt by anyone precisely because it Ã¢â¬Ërequires to be bestowed directly from the hand of nature upon each individual. Ã¢â¬ (Aiello 663) Two meanings of the term are as follows: Ã¢â¬Å"Extraordinary intellectual power especially as manifested in creative activity and/or a person endowed with transcendent mental superiority; specifically: a person with a very high IQ. Ã¢â¬ (Webster, Genius) What is the definition of Epilepsy? Epilepsy is a Ã¢â¬Å"neurological disorder caused by paroxysmal malfunction of neurons in the brain (seizures). It is characterized by strange movements or sensations in parts of the body, odd behaviors, emotional disturbances, and sometimes convulsions and momentary lapses of consciousness. Seizures may result from abnormal electrical activity in most or all of the brain (generalized), or they may originate in a specific brain area (partial). Ã¢â¬ (Webster, Epilepsy) Epileptic people have different parts of the brain that can be affected. There are three main types of seizures: petit mal, grand mal, and focal. Petit mal seizures are typically called an Ã¢â¬Å"absence seizure. Ã¢â¬ They usually are brief lasting around 15 seconds or less. Grand mal seizures usually involve the whole body. People with these types of seizures have vision, smell, taste, hallucinations, sensory changes and dizziness. Focal seizures are considered partial. They can be characterized as simple or complex. Simple ones do not affect awareness or oneÃ¢â¬â¢s memory. Complex seizures affect awareness or memory. They can interfere with the events before, during or immediately after the seizure. They can also affect behavior. He had a rare form of temporal lobe epilepsy named Ã¢â¬Å"Ecstatic EpilepsyÃ¢â¬ . Seizures which occurred in the daytime were often preceded by an ecstatic aura, which has led neurologists to theorize that he had temporal lobe epilepsy with secondary grand mal epilepsy. In the four following novels, his characters had epilepsy: The Possessed, The Brothers Karamazov, Insulted and Injured and The Idiot. Sigmund Freud, who was a trained neurologist, described DostoyevskyÃ¢â¬â¢s state as Ã¢â¬Å"an organic brain disease independent of the psychic constitution. Ã¢â¬ Is an epileptic brain wired differently? Did this attribute to DostoyevskyÃ¢â¬â¢s dark world? Was this the source of his Ã¢â¬Å"genius? Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Dostoevskii was generally presented as a Ã¢â¬ËgeniusÃ¢â¬â¢, whose talent, however, resided in something other than his artistic accomplishments. Ã¢â¬ (Aiello 660) His unusual type of thinking was attributed to his seizures. Aiello believed that his epilepsy was the main cause of his creative works and not a genuine stance of genius that he was born with. DostoyevskyÃ¢â¬â¢s characters displayed atheist behaviors. The worlds of heaven and hell are all around him and he described seeing the universe imitate the unnatural forces of the universe. He shows how the devil can erase his identity from the human conciseness. Ã¢â¬Å"When translated into abstractions, DostoevskyÃ¢â¬â¢s psychology is as unimpressive as his political theory. It is merely a derivative of theories propounded by German writers about the unconscious, the role of dreams, the ambivalence of human feelings. What makes it electric in the novels is his ability to dramatize it in scenes of sudden revelation; in characters who in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s terminology would be called split personalities, in people twisted by isolation, lust, humiliation, and resentment. Ã¢â¬ (Dostoevsky 544) Ã¢â¬Å"Dostoevsky further held that the spiritual world of the modern individual, now deprived of the reference points of reason and torn by antipodal strivings, collides not only with the chaos of the social unit but also with the general natural order of the words, the ontological abysses. (Gurvich-Lishchiner 22) Could this phrase be an accurate measurement of how his mind works? The synapsis of his brain not colliding in perfect harmony, reflect them in different directions which create an alternate reality in which he thrives off of? According to Freud, Ã¢â¬Å"what is generally believed to be epilepsy in men of genius are always straight cases of hysteria. Ã¢â¬ The reality that he delved into, between God and Satan, exists in a lot of his work. Ã¢â¬Å"This brought the writer back to the globally creative task of confirming that God exists, even in a chaotic and wicked world. (Gurvich-Lishchiner 23). Satan is an abstract basically hiding in plain sight. His perception of how Satan works in the earthly realm seems to be twisted and unjust. According to Hooten, Ã¢â¬Å"Dostoevsky propose a dualistic rivalry between God and Satan, but they both acknowledge Satan as a reality manifested by human pride. Ã¢â¬ (Hooten 118) He creates these characterizations of the devil as a symbolic way in which he believes a human being thinks and feels. The darkness that empowers him is a fascination that we all explore in our own selves. We fight the good and the bad in our daily lives and with his personal experiences he does the same. Ã¢â¬Å"It is indubitable that Dostoevsky, like all figures in science and the arts, was engaged in a search for his faith, and that this process was the basis of his creative development as a philosopher and man of letters. Ã¢â¬ (Barsht 37). He uses metaphors of the devil to confirm that God really does exist in our chaotic world. He creates this metaphor by having the devil compel us in unthinkable ways and by not allowing us to see or identify the devil but allowing us to hear him and his suggestions. Science and religion are viewed in two entirely different ways thru DostoevskyÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes. Science needs evidence to determine if something is true or not. Religion is having a greater sense of self and feeling in what you believe. The mind is a complex thing and we need to understand it better. When someone is born are they instantly a genius or does the brain develop over time and introduce things that help to establish the physical description of it when they become of age to identify it? Science demands that the personal life position of the individual be integrated into the known set of hypotheses concerning the structure of the world, which form a sort of dynamic paradigm (Ã¢â¬Å"scientific traditionÃ¢â¬ ). Ã¢â¬ (Barsht 40) It is documented that he attended seances to investigate in the spiritual world and to see if it really does exist. Ã¢â¬Å"It seems that Dostoevsky went to the February seance in order to verify his conjectures through personal experience. Ã¢â¬ (V initsky 103). I believe this is what began his quest in determining how to fit the devil into his own world and how he could relate to the spiritual side. Dostoevsky believed if a devil doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t exist, that we then create him in our own image. He was a very spiritual person and it seems that when he used the Devil, he brought out the good and contrasted it with the bad in his writings. As stated earlier, Dostoevsky thinks that the devil can be created from manÃ¢â¬â¢s pride. Pride is a state of being that we all have dealt with and can relate to. Pride can create a downward spiral of someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s character and produce tragic results. He created these types of works that entered into the human psyche and pulled out these characteristic traits. But can someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s pride be altered? Did his health affect this part of his personality? So to help understand him better, we look at his epileptic nature and wonder if it affected his thinking or how he perceived things. The mind works in mysterious ways. It is documented that when a person has problems with the brain it could alter their state of mind in which they annot relate to people or things on a Ã¢â¬Å"normalÃ¢â¬ basis. We can define Ã¢â¬Å"normalÃ¢â¬ as someone viewing the world the same way that we do or who identifies with our own religion and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t question it or its intentions. But when someone does seem abnormal we instantly criticize that person and wonder what that person is about. What pushes them into the things they do, see, or hear? All these questions are still being asked of Dostoevsky today. He is criticized for his works and sometimes has been labeled as a gothic writer and others have called him a true genius in which other famous writers are compared to him. Art differs from science in its mediated formation of a vision of the world not out of the sensually perceived material of immediately accessible reality, as in the natural sciences. Ã¢â¬ (Barsht 43) Instead of being seen as Ã¢â¬Å"abnormalÃ¢â¬ the term Ã¢â¬Å"artÃ¢â¬ comes into play. We use the term so loosely that we can make it fit into any category that we choose. So, if Dostoevsky had seizures could his art of writing be contributed to this part of his talent? If he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t experience seizures in his life, would he still possess the same thought provoking ideas and creations in his work? There is a great debate in whether DostoevskiiÃ¢â¬â¢s epilepsy was considered a form of mental illness in which he fostered his ideas from or was his genius a true part of his nature in which he used and pulled from and was the basis for his writing skills. Ã¢â¬Å"Science demands that the personal life position of the individual be integrated into the known set of hypotheses concerning the structure of the world, which form a sort of dynamic paradigm (Ã¢â¬Å"scientific traditionÃ¢â¬ ). Ã¢â¬ (Barsht 40) Authors are debating and establishing guidelines when authenticating an author. This debate will go on when deciding the true meaning of genius.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
THE LAW OF ATTRACTION The study on the Law of Attraction surrounds the issue concerning the concept that humans have the ability to draw wanted and unwanted objects into their lives through what is created by oneÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts and energy. To change a way of life, one must change his/her way of thought. The Law of Attraction proves to be the most powerful law in the universe, as is shown through the study of quantum physics and the relationship between the flow of energy into and out of the body.If humans learn to manifest the energies of the universe and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own being in a proper manner, we will be able to accomplish everything our hearts desire, according to the Law of Attraction. The study on the Law of Attraction proves the Law to be an active contributor towards improving quality of life, both in person and professional aspects. The Law of Attraction is the most powerful universal law. In theory, people are able to create their own reality through their thoughts (Hic ks 9). This underlying concept leads to the misconception that the Law of Attraction doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t exist since it is human nature to be denied of certain wants.Many people believe that if we are really able to Ã¢â¬Å"create our own identity,Ã¢â¬ the human species would not fail in any aspect of life. However, the Law of Attraction claims that we attract both the things we want and donÃ¢â¬â¢t want through the force of our thoughts and the energy we give off into the universe (Losier 26). In order to properly explain the credibility of the Law of Attraction, famous scientists Einstein and Hawking convey the study of Quantum Physics, along with the M Theory and String Theory, as the scientific principle that suggests the concept in which thoughts become matter.The thoughts we create in our minds through electrical impulses are produced with the same source of energy that creates Ã¢â¬Å"everything from nothingÃ¢â¬ in the universe. Science researchers have studied brain waves an d found a direct correlation between the frequency of waves and the way people view life. Lower frequencies are related to those with pessimistic lifestyles in contrast to higher frequencies for those with active intellects (Baska).These brain frequencies are then transmitted through energy into the Universe and become reality through theory of Quantum Physics, which states that thoughts equal energy, energy equals matter, and thus thoughts equal matter (Pillay 98). Such scientific principles attempt to explain the existence of the Law of Attraction, and though much logic is involved within these principles, many of the science-related claims regarding the existence of the Law of Attraction are based too much on hype and too little on science research.The Law of Attraction is a growing phenomenon that may very well have diluted truth, but is presented to the public with goals of strategic marketing in order to achieve the instant gratification that Ã¢â¬Å"The SecretÃ¢â¬ has sold. In order to prove its validity, there must be further studies regarding the gateway concept that is the Law of Attraction. As for the book, movie and audio clips, these were all tools used to revitalize what was a weakened motivational industry.Despite my belief in its existence, there is little to no scientific evidence to support the theory, and no carried out controlled experiment to suggest the Ã¢â¬Å"so-calledÃ¢â¬ law actually works (Sloan). Those who do not believe in the principles of the Law of Attraction claim that The Law of Attraction, in its simplest form, is no more than a pawn scheme serving as substitution for self-help concepts that actually work. Positive thinking, self-belief, visualization and goal setting are all motivational scripts proposed by authors like Rhonda Byrne through their best-selling books (Sloan).Non-believers claim that the Law of Attraction misleads people into believing that imagery alone will work without action. This is a common misunderst anding about the Law of Attraction surrounding the belief that the Law of Attraction is simply about wishing. However, according to JungÃ¢â¬â¢s scientific concept of Synchronicity, people are able to make things happen due to the relationship between oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mind and the universe as human thoughts are aligned in a particular way towards a common end, which suggests a pattern in regards to the way reality is created (Pillay 142).Though the major premise of the Law of Attraction involves imagery through the process of thinking to attract desires, the theory behind the Law of Attraction delves deeper into the law of allowance, which is the final process in the Law of Attraction, and is what truly allows the law to come about (Losier 78). The Law of Attraction, in a sense, may be related to concepts like karma, luck, and other wonders that cannot be explained through science alone and oftentimes require a little bit of faith.There may very well be great truth in some of the theor yÃ¢â¬â¢s claims, but to say its validity is explained by science is both illogical and false. The hype surrounding the Law of Attraction arose out of clever marketing skills, and consequently science was merely used as an attempt to give validity to the obscure concept that is the Law of Attraction. It is up to the individual to determine whether or not they will follow the steps required by the Law of Attraction in order to change their life.It is up to the individual to determine whether or not they will act kindly towards others to receive positive karma in turn. As for me, I will remain to follow the advice proposed by motivational writers out there that encourage me to project a positive attitude in order for people to react positively to me. In essence, this is the true definition of the Law of Attraction. WORKS CITED Peter. Ã¢â¬Å"Can Thoughts Make Things Happen? Ã¢â¬ Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post. Huffington Post, 10 June 2011. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .Byr ne, Rhonda. The Secret. New York: Atria, 2006. Print. Hicks, Esther, and Jerry Hicks. The Law of Attraction. Carlsbad, CA: Hay House, 2006. Print. Losier, Michael J. Law of Attraction: The Science of Attracting More of What You Want and Less of What You Don't. New York, NY: Wellness Central, 2006. Print. Pillay, Srinivasan. The Science Behind the Law of Attraction. Cambridge, MA: NeuroBusiness Group, 2010. Print. Sloan, Paul. Ã¢â¬Å"The Law of Attraction is a Dangerous Delusion. Ã¢â¬ LifeHack. StepCase Limited, 31 03 2012. Web. 6 May 2012. .
Thursday, November 7, 2019
The Role of the Yellow River in Chinese History Many of the worlds great civilizations have grown up around mighty rivers- Egypt on the Nile, the Mound-builder civilization on the Mississippi, the Indus Valley Civilization on the Indus River. China has had the good fortune to have two great rivers: the Yangtze and the Yellow River (or Huang He). The Yellow River is also known as the cradle of Chinese civilization or the Mother River. Usually a source of rich fertile soil and irrigation water, the Yellow River has transformed itself more than 1,500 times in recorded history into a raging torrent that has swept away entire villages. As a result, the river has several less-positive nicknames as well, such as Chinas Sorrow and the Scourge of the Han People. Over the centuries, the Chinese people have used it not only for agriculture but also as a transportation route and even as a weapon. The Yellow River springs up in the Bayan Har Mountain Range of west-central Chinas Qinghai Province and makes its way through nine provinces before it pours its silt out into the Yellow Sea off the coast of Shandong Province. It is the worlds sixth-longest river, with a length of about 3,395 miles. The river runs across central Chinas loess plains, picking up an immense load of silt, which colors the water and gives the river its name. The Yellow River in Ancient China The recorded history of Chinese civilization begins on the banks of the Yellow River with the Xia Dynasty, which lasted from 2100 to 1600 BCE. According to Sima Qians Records of the Grand Historian and the Classic of Rites, a number of different tribes originally united into the Xia Kingdom in order to combat devastating floods on the river. When a series of breakwaters failed to stop the flooding, the Xia instead dug a series of canals to channel excess water out into the countryside and then down to the sea. Unified behind strong leaders and able to produce bountiful harvests since Yellow River floods no longer destroyed their crops so often, the Xia Kingdom ruled central China for several centuries. The Shang Dynasty succeeded the Xia around 1600 BCE and also centered itself on the Yellow River valley. Fed by the riches of the fertile river-bottom land, the Shang developed an elaborate culture featuring powerful emperors, divination using oracle bones,Ã and artwork including beautiful jade carvings. During Chinas Spring and Autumn Period (771 to 478 BCE), the great philosopher Confucius was born in the village of Tsou on the Yellow River in Shandong. He was almost as powerful an influence on Chinese culture as the river itself. In 221 BCE, Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi conquered the other warring states and established the unified Qin Dynasty. The Qin kings relied on the Cheng-Kuo Canal, finished in 246 BCE, to provide irrigation water and increased crop yields, leading to a growing population and the manpower to defeat rival kingdoms. However, the Yellow Rivers silt-laden water quickly clogged the canal. After Qin Shi Huangdis death in 210 BCE, the Cheng-Kuo silted up entirely and became useless. The Yellow River in the Medieval Period In 923 CE, China was embroiled in the chaotic Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. Among those kingdoms were the Later Liang and the Later Tang dynasties. As Tang armies approached the Liang capital, a general named Tuan Ning decided to breach the Yellow River dikes and flood 1,000 square miles of the Liang Kingdom in a desperate effort to stave off the Tang. Tuans gambit did not succeed; despite the raging floodwaters, the Tang conquered the Liang. Over the following centuries, the Yellow River silted up and changed its course several times, breaking its banks and drowning surrounding farms and villages. Major re-routings took place in 1034 when the river split into three parts. The river jumped south again in 1344 during the waning days of the Yuan Dynasty. In 1642, another attempt to use the river against an enemy backfired badly. Kaifeng city had been under siege by Li Zichengs peasant rebel army for six months. The citys governor decided to break the dikes in hopes of washing away the besieging army. Instead, the river engulfed the city, killing almost 300,000 of Kaifengs 378,000 citizens and leaving the survivors vulnerable to famine and disease. The city was abandoned for years following this devastating mistake. The Ming Dynasty fell to Manchu invaders, who founded the Qing Dynasty just two years later. The Yellow River in Modern China A northward course-change in the river in the early 1850s helped fuel the Taiping Rebellion, one of Chinas deadliest peasant revolts. As populations grew ever larger along the treacherous rivers banks, so too did the death tolls from flooding. In 1887, a major Yellow River flood killed an estimated 900,000 to 2 million people, making it the third-worst natural disaster in history. This disaster helped convince the Chinese people that the Qing Dynasty had lost the Mandate of Heaven. After the Qing fell in 1911, China plunged into chaos with the Chinese Civil War and the Second Sino-Japanese War, after which the Yellow River struck again, this time even harder. The 1931 Yellow River flood killed between 3.7 million and 4 million people, making it the deadliest flood in all of human history. In the aftermath, with war raging and the crops destroyed, survivors reportedly sold their children into prostitution and even resorted to cannibalism to survive. Memories of this catastrophe would later inspire Mao Zedongs government to invest in massive flood-control projects, including the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River. Another flood in 1943 washed away the crops in Henan Province, leaving 3 million people to starve to death. When the Chinese Communist Party took power in 1949, it began building new dikes and levees to hold back the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. Since that time, floods along the Yellow River have still posed a threat, but they no longer kill millions of villagers or bring down governments. The Yellow River is the surging heart of Chinese civilization. Its waters and the rich soil it carries bring the agricultural abundance needed to support Chinas enormous population. However, this Mother River has always had a dark side to it as well. When the rains are heavy or silt blocks up the river channel, she has the power to jump her banks and spread death and destruction across central China.
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Max Planck Formulates Quantum Theory In 1900, German theoretical physicist Max Planck revolutionized the field of physics by discovering that energy does not flow evenly but is instead released in discrete packets. Planck created an equation to predict this phenomenon, and his discovery ended the primacy of whatÃ many people now call classical physics in favor of the study of quantum physics. The Problem Despite feeling that all was already known in the field of physics, there was still one problem that had plagued physicists for decades: They could not understand the surprising results they continued to get from heating surfaces that absorb all frequencies of light that hit them, otherwise known as black bodies. Try as they might, scientists could not explain the results using classical physics. The Solution Max Planck was born in Kiel, Germany, on April 23, 1858, and was considering becoming a professional pianist before a teacher turned his attention to science. Planck went on to receive degrees from the University of Berlin and the University of Munich. After spending four years as an associate professor of theoretical physics at Kiel University, Planck moved to the University of Berlin, where he became a full professor in 1892. Plancks passion was thermodynamics. While researching black-body radiation, he too kept running into the same problem as other scientists. Classical physics could not explain the results he was finding. In 1900, 42-year-oldÃ Planck discovered an equation that explained the results of these tests: ENhf, with Eenergy, Ninteger, hconstant, ffrequency. In determining this equation, Planck came up with the constant (h), which is now known as Plancks constant. TheÃ amazing part of Plancks discovery was that energy, which appears to be emitted in wavelengths, is actually discharged in small packets he called quanta. This new theory of energy revolutionized physics and opened the way for Albert Einsteins theory of relativity. Life After Discovery At first, the magnitude of Plancks discovery was not fully understood. It wasnt until Einstein and others used quantum theory for even further advancements in physics that the revolutionary nature of his discovery was realized. By 1918, the scientific community was well aware of theÃ importance of Plancks work and awarded himÃ the Nobel Prize in Physics. He continued to conduct research and contribute further to the advancement of physics, but nothing compared to his 1900 findings. Tragedy in His Personal Life While he achieved much in his professional life, Plancks personal life was marked by tragedy. His first wife died in 1909, his oldest son, Karl, duringÃ World War I. Twin girls,Ã Margarete and Emma, both later died in childbirth. And his youngest son, Erwin, was implicated in the failedÃ July Plot to kill Hitler and was hanged. In 1911, Planck did remarry and had one son, Hermann. Planck decided to remain in Germany during World War II. Using his clout, the physicistÃ tried to stand up for Jewish scientists, but with little success. In protest, Planck resigned as president of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in 1937. In 1944, a bomb dropped during an Allied air raid hit his house, destroying many of his possessions, including all his scientific notebooks.Ã Max Planck died on October 4, 1947, at the age of 89.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Cultural differences dictated by differences in foods consumed affect the diabetes prevalence rates - Research Paper Example Exposure to these foods over a long period of time exposes them to different types of diabetes. Other cultures have gone a step further and modified their foods to meet different tastes and references. The modified foods may also contain high levels of sugar. A high level of sugar in food translates to diabetes when a person becomes overweight or develops high blood sugar. It is important to note that eating foods containing high levels of sugar does not necessarily mean that a person is exposed to diabetes. Some cultures also consume food which is high in calories which eventually leads to weight gain. Lack of exercise to burn out the excess calories contributes to diabetes. Diabetes related problems also bring about visual complications. If untreated, visual complications cause blindness. This situation is also influenced by the different types of foods consumed (AHRQ 1). Some cultural diets are known to contain too much syrup, other contain too much carbohydrates and many other types of foods that contain sugar. Different cultures also have different eating patterns and lifestyle that exposes them to diabetes. When treating patient with diabetes, doctors always consider the traditional diet of the patient. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Diabetes Disparities Among Racial and Ethnic Minorities. U.S Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2001. Retrieved from
Friday, November 1, 2019
Servicescape - Essay Example The amplified significance of providing exceptional service is obvious in service marketing contents. This report presents the fundamentals of servicescape in the Emirates and their influence on customersÃ¢â¬â¢ viewpoints based on Bitner model (Bitner, 1992).EmiratesÃ airways was set up in 1946 with a starting fleet of 138 aircrafts. It is currently a huge airline based in Qatar operating 172 destinations in 39 countries providing passenger and cargo services. The servivescape elements found on Emirates Airlines include ambient conditions, colour, lighting, physical designs, background music, artefacts, functionality, and signs. The service the paper will deal with is air transport with special consideration with Emirates airlines.Introduction and Research QuestionsIn the past couple of years, researchers and marketing managers have identified with the features of servicescape terming them as useful in the attraction and retaining of consumers particularly in the service industr y. This research purposes to answer one major question and that is there any impact of servicescapes on marketing? The research seeks to identify the effect of this environment on five employees and five consumers. The study will analyse the relationship between the use of servicescapes and the increase in clientele in Emirates Airlines. It will also show the effect of the environment in the Emirates on five customers and employees (Barsky & Nash, 2003). In this chapter, the methodology of the research consisted of four sections.
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
A personal experience on a vaction trip to paris,france - Essay Example I was really excited to see the Eiffel Tower because I had read many stories about it. Ã¢â¬Å"The Eiffel Tower is the symbol of Paris and likely the most recognizable landmark of the city. It was built by Gustave Eiffel for the World Exhibition of 1889 and it was never meant to be a permanent addition to the citys skyline. Initially, the artists and writers of Paris expressed their strong disapproval regarding to the tower, but later generations commended it. The figures are impressive (like the fact that it weighs 7000 tons) but forget about them and try to enjoy the sight.Ã¢â¬ (Places to Visit in France) After visiting the Eiffel Tower I wanted to see Sainte-Chapelle. Many people believe that it is the gateway to heaven, I have read so many true stories about the uniqueness of this church, it sounded so special, and I decided that I had to see it for myself. I was very impressed, the church was exceptionally beautiful, I had seen many churches earlier in my life but, indubitably, this one was special and really beautiful. After visiting the beautiful church I headed towards the museum in Paris. This was on the top of my must see places so I headed straight towards fulfilling my wish. The museum had a great collection; it had some rare coins, transcripts and so on. These things were very rare and this was, perhaps, why they were locked inside a museum. The entry inside the museum was not free, but it was not too expensive and going to the museum in France was a one of kind experience. Notre Dame Cathedral was my next destination. This cathedral is very famous for its gothic architecture and this is exactly why I decided to see it and it was certainly not a letdown. This cathedral is located in the heart of the city and several tourists visit it day in, day out. I decided to relax; and what is a better place to relax than the Luxembourg Gardens? Several tourists go to these gardens regularly in order to relax and find
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Friday, October 25, 2019
The top 10 malware threats of 2004 as taken from McAfee and defined by Symantec are as followed: Adware-180, Adware-Gator, Exploit-ByteVerify, Exploit-MhtRedir, JS/Noclose, W32/Bagle, W32/Mydoom, W32/Netsky, W32/Sasser, W32/Sdbot (family including sdbot, gaobot, polybot, spybot). The majority of these threats enter into our system under a different aliasÃ¢â¬â¢ or by hitching a ride on programs we download online. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Adware-180 is a spybot that monitors the activity its infecteeÃ¢â¬â¢s do while online. This program will open up affliated sites when it sees a certain keyword while searching online. When adware-180 is downloaded it creates a name for itself in the Microsoft registry, this registry then can fix itself it only partial parts of the adware are removed. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Adware-Gator is one that I am ooooh to familiar with. This adware drives me crazy! I will be searching online and all of a sudden down by my time and date a little box will pop up giving me alternative vacation prices or prescription prices. Gator (or gain as it says in my registry) gets downloaded onto the computer either manually or by sneaking itself in with another download. With this adware on the hard drive it allows websites to upload their content to your computer without your knowledge enabling them to display advertisements at the strangest times. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Exploit-MhtRedir is a file that is considered Ã¢â¬Å"a malicious website to download and execute programs on your computerÃ¢â¬ . ItÃ¢â¬â¢s file type is a Trojan horse, which disguises itself in order to promote unwanted HTML on your computer. This Trojan only affects Microsoft internet explorer. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã W32/Mydoom comes in an assortment of different subcategories ranging from category 1 to 2. The majority of the Mydoom worms are a category 2. The mass mailing worm that uses its own smtp to send emails to people listed on the infected computers. It allows unauthorized remote access. Once it finds the addresses of people it sends itself in attachments that say things like read the following attachment, please confirm, please read immediately etc. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã W32/Sasser is one I think we all remember hearing about. This one gets onto your computer and scans IP addresses to find vulnerable computers. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s wild threat is medium, the damage it causes is low but the distribution level of this worm is very high. The main threat of this worm is the fact that even though it is unable to infect Windows 95/98/ME it does take up a lot of space making it difficult for such programs as the Symantec removal tool to run.
Thursday, October 24, 2019
Closing Government, Rebuttal research Motion: Ã¢â¬Å"This house believes that an authoritarian government will help the Philippines progress. Ã¢â¬ I. Expected Argument Ã¢â¬Å"The form of government doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t matter and the progress of the country will depend on the kind of leader we have as a president. Ã¢â¬ II. Counter-Argument Ã¢â¬Å"Unlike in other forms of the government, the authoritarian form of government allows us to make a standard to what kind of leader is best for our country. Ã¢â¬ III. Explanation Since the authoritarian government aims for a person single-handedly leading our country, all citizens must adhere and go by the ideals set by the leader himself. The only time the country will be in chaos during an authoritarian regime is when the citizens donÃ¢â¬â¢t agree with the leader. This can be solved by a very strict criteria and standard of what kind of leader our president should be. The standards can be ranged from what kind of school he graduated from, to experiences in leadership. Being a leader of a country is not simply a face who everybody recognizes from television or somebody who bribes and cheats his way into position. Setting a standard is faster and more possible when we have an authoritarian government. Other governments have to be associated and linked with Ã¢â¬Å"freedomÃ¢â¬ , and so it is rarely possible to set a specific standard for electing a president because they promote independence and freedom of whomever wants to be a president. It is most likely that there could be an unsuitable leader that is elected to be president in a democratic form of government (because it is Ã¢â¬Å"everybodyÃ¢â¬â¢s ball gameÃ¢â¬ , quoted from my father) Ã¢â¬â that is the reason why until now, Filipinos are still protesting about our presidents and how they do not do anything to solve our problems. When we have a proper judgement of who to elect leader, we can have a more disciplined nation, economy follows right after because when we have a leader with one single vision to improve on our problems, the processes can be faster. The standard set can reflect how much our president can help us with our economy. Stocks can go higher, we can export more high priority local goods, and we can improve on our nationalism at the same time. We have to put our electoral nominees to the test so that we can have a more progressive country in terms of economy. IV. Examples In a smaller scale, the application of an authoritarian government can be associated with how one runs a company with the president as the CEO, and the different local governments in our country as the different departments in an office building. In a publicly owned company, the CEO must be a good role model to his employees in order to make them do their job properly. The CEO must provide the needs of the employees and in turn, the employees give their hard work and talent in their business. Trust is therefore developed and it makes running the business flow easily. When people choose a CEO, they do not just choose out of a whim. They pick people who are trained specially for the position and they have a guideline on who to assign the position of CEO or any other big name in a company. Effective CEOs are those who amidst crisis, can still maintain the stock prices and make them the same amount as every normal day. However, when they appoint a bad CEO, it can be seen when the stocks drop low for about 40 to 50% even when there is no serious problem. In that case, he should really be ousted. Singapore, having an authoritarian government led by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, has an economy relatively corruption free and has one of the highest GDPs (Gross Domestic Products) in the world. It would not have been possible to have such a successful economy if not for such a qualified Prime Minister for their country. I believe that it is possible for it to happen in our country, the Philippines, as long as we have a specific guideline and criteria in nomitating and electing our countryÃ¢â¬â¢s leader. V. Sources 1) Ã¢â¬Å"Country Rankings. Ã¢â¬ (accessed January 20, 2012) http://www. heritage. org/index/Ranking. aspx 2) Huff, W. G. Ã¢â¬Å"Cambridge Journal of Economics. Ã¢â¬ (accessed January 23, 2012) http://cje. oxfordjournals. org/content/19/6/735. abstract
Wednesday, October 23, 2019
In Ã¢â¬Å"Black Men and Public SpacesÃ¢â¬ Brent Staples reveals his experiences with different individuos in all kind of public areas. Staples talk about how people stereotype black men as a violent and dangerous individuals because of their appearance and the color of their skin. In the past when black men was associated with the word murderer or thieves or rapist or all kind of bad things people were afraid on being next to them. When Staples started the story saying Ã¢â¬Å"My first victim was a womanÃ¢â¬ and he specify (white) make it seems like he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t the victim of this woman when he follows saying Ã¢â¬Å"After a few more glimpses, she picked up her pace and was soon running in earnest.Ã¢â¬ What the narrator is doing is letting know that people shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t judge because of the others appearances. In the whole story Staples is leaving the clear concept of people will always see black men as a threat because of his race. The sad part is that the narrator is not saying that this happen long time ago is just like a decade ago when he mention about studying at the University of Chicago and then moved to New York. It make it seems that no matter when or where black men being dangerous or being involved in criminal activity does not leave the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s general schema, people still see black men related to the word dangerous.The title is ironic because public space is supposedly available to everyone but, socially speaking, that does not appear to be that way for black men, even in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Staples demonstrates his struggle for acceptances from people whom are scared of him. He goes on to say that he now takes precautions to avoid situations he has experienced. He now whistles melodies from Beethoven and Vivaldi when he takes walks at night because no one will assume a mugger knows classical music. Instead of people crossing to the other side of the street, heÃ¢â¬â¢ll keep his distance from those that may seem skittish of him. It seems that he does all this just to fit in to society. None of this will change the way black men are stereotyped. I was walking with my daughter one night around seven pm., and crossing theÃ street inside the parking lot mall this black woman was speeding like she was on the outside streets, We were slow walking on the street to reach our car and she got so angry and get out of her car and approach to me with the intention clear of fight me, she was a very heavy black young woman maybe on her middle twenties, she was screaming at my face Ã¢â¬Å"Do you have a problem with me?Ã¢â¬ I said many time no I donÃ¢â¬â¢t please leave me alone but my daughter who was fourteen by that time and to innocent of the danger we were on, told her Ã¢â¬Å"You shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be speeding inside the parking lot and talking on the phoneÃ¢â¬ that was enough to her to start beating up my daughter. This was a really nasty experience that we will never want to repeat and since then we try to avoid on many ways to confront a black person. We call 911 and the police man who came was a black police who said this words Ã¢â¬Å"For people like that woman is that we have bad reputationÃ¢â¬ I think no matter when or where and no matter the race or color we need to be careful on how to conduct ourselves at public spaces. Stereotypes affect individuals regardless of race, sex, or religion. The narrator tell many time he was mistaken as a criminal for being black and six feet two inches tall with a beard and billowing hair, when he enter to the jewelry and the proprietor excuse himself just to get his enormous red Doberman Pinscher and he has to leave, or when he was mistaking as a reporter for the killer, police officers hauled him from his car at gunpoint. Black men on public space will continue to experience these situations. We cannot change the way people think and judge. Unfortunately the majority of black men, who are criminals, will continue to give a bad reputation for those that are not. We live in a world where we have to be in high alert to maintain unharmed. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s no reason for anyone to feel the obligation or need to act a certain way so those that are judging them can feel a sense of security, the way Brent Staples did. As long as you know youÃ¢â¬â¢re not that type of person, you cannot let someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s judgment stop you from succeeding and proving that you are not a statistic.
Tuesday, October 22, 2019
See Order Instructions Example See Order Instructions Ã¢â¬â Coursework Example RESPONSE TO THE POST Critical analysis of the opinion explores the significance of journals to nursing professionals. It is worth noting that this discussion is relevant to the contemporary need for evidence based nursing. Besides, increasing campaign for quality healthcare compel nurses to remain updated through regular journals review. In this case, the mentioned journal is key in offering multidimensional information for nursing practice (Meleis, 2007). The idea expressed in the post emphasizes the need for practical aspect of nursing rather than theoretical knowledge. It is worth to note that the society is undergoing significant restructuring in which the health risks are rising. In this respect, it is important to underscore the application of journals in addressing information gap that faces nurses. This post also points out the centrality of study sample in generating the cause-effect relationship for the observed changes in the nursing field. The nurses must work on evidence which can only be ascertained from a sound sampling technique and refined qualitative and quantitative analysis. The article highlighted in the post serves as a critical example of how journals can guide in offering solution to different medical conditions. In respect of this post, it can be ascertained that evidence based nursing is considered an essential aspect of healthcare provision and professional practice (Meleis, 2007). The statement of the post asserts the need for regular access to journals among nurses to expand their knowledge on diverse situations and conditions in their efforts to deliver quality services.It can be concluded that the writerÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion is acceptable and consistent with the societal expectation as far as quality healthcare provision and knowledge of the nurses is concerned.ReferenceMeleis, A. I. (2007). Theoretical nursing: Development and progress. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Monday, October 21, 2019
Summer Vacation essays When an author writes a story, the way he chooses to narrate it can affect the way a reader views it. In the book Summer Vacation by Christopher Wolfberg there is a 16 year-old boy named Jack Sosco, who narrates the story. Jack lives in Phoenix Arizona, and does not have many friends. Jack has a low self-esteem and is always finding things wrong with anything that happens. One summer Jack and his family decide to go vacation. Jack complains but his mom and dad make him go. It wasnt anywhere far just a place to get away for a little while. The fact that Jack tells the story makes me look at it in a different way. Jack was always questioning things and dint let any one mess around with him. His parents were the total opposite of Jack. His mother and father were very nice people with many friends. His mother was on the school board and his father helped out the shelter in a town near by on Friday nights and Sunday mornings. Jack kept saying through out the book that he wished that he lived alone and the way he wants to but realized in the end that he has to think about other people rather then himself. Jack told the story in a kind of negative way in that nothing was good enough for him. It made me think of things differently in the book. When he was in the car he would say all about how bad the ride was and that he wants to go home when it was a half hour drive. Also when the car had a flat tire and he had to help his dad change in on a very hot day. In another way was when one morning he woke up in the hotel room and his mom and his dad went out sight seeing with out him. Jack tried to act like he didnt care and sight seeing was stupid but in fact he was a little upset. If his mom would of told the story she would have had a better perspective of things around them, because that was the kind of person she was. It made me look at the whole book and question things that Jack did other then compl...